Traffic surveys of Lesney Street, Richmond, identified three different paths for traffic movement through the street. The overall observation shows that the majority of traffic uses Lesney Street as a thoroughfare, compared with arriving at or departing the street.
The diagram shows the three different paths of traffic used by cars in Lesney Street, a one way residential street. Route A travels part of the way through Lesney Street and makes a left turn onto Brighton Street; Route B travels along Lesney Street to access Church Street; and Route C arrives into Lesney Street from Brighton Street to access Church Street.
This diagram compares the weekday and weekend use of Lesney Street by cars, bicycles, motorcycles and pedestrians (including with prams and pets, and using the pedestrian foot bridge). We can see that the majority of cars take Route C from Brighton Street (71% on weekdays; 87% on weekends). We can also see that the majority of pedestrians take Route B (91% on weekdays; 97% on weekends).
This diagram shows the average amount of time each mode of transport spends in Lesney Street and the speed at which they travel.
Based on observations, during weekdays:
Majority of pedestrians using Lesney Street are residents who walk alone to and from work in formal attire.
In the late evening, pedestrian traffic is significantly heavier heading to and from Church and Swan Streets. Pedestrians walking back are seen carrying their groceries from the nearest Coles supermarket.
In off-peak periods, one car journey was observed every 14 seconds travelling at an average speed of 30 km/h.
Bicycle usage is low in both peak and off-peak periods.
Pedestrian use is consistent throughout the day.
During the weekend:
Pedestrian are generally in small groups: families and couples.
In the late evening, car traffic is significantly heavier for both Route A and Route C.
Pedestrian traffic is equally heavy in the morning, afternoon and evening. Pedestrians regularly park their cars along Lesney and Brighton Streets to walk to Church Street for shopping.
One car journey was observed every 13 seconds travelling at an average speed of 40 km/h.
Bicycle usage increases slightly in the afternoon.
Pedestrian use is consistent throughout the day.
In the evening, cars speed up significantly and are mostly taxis.
A summary of conclusions that have come from the above analysis is as follows:
Lesney Street is subject to light car traffic.
Car usage is significantly higher along Route B and Route C. Cars use the street as a thoroughfare from Brighton Street to Church Street.
Car speed is approximately 40 km/h, which is fast for a one way, residential street.
Cars that arrive into Lesney Street are parked for shopping along Church Street.
Pedestrians use the pedestrian bridge predominantly to access Swan Street.
Lesney Street is well used by pedestrians throughout the day.
Traffic routes, this and subsequent images copyright of author.
Lesney Street is 270m long and runs east-west between Church and Mary Streets. It is intersected in the middle by Brighton Street, which runs south towards the Yarra River. The street is located next to a below-grade train line. The closest train station is East Richmond Station, which is located on the opposite side of Church Street.
The street is predominantly residential in character, with all 17 dwellings located on the south side of the street. Dwellings are a mixture of one and two storeys. On the north side of the street there is a narrow planting strip, then a step drop down to the train tracks. The street is 7m wide, 5m of which is asphalt. It is a one way street running from east to west. Close to the interaction with Brighton Street, there is a narrow footbridge over the train tracks that connects to Swan Street.
Observations of the street and its context include:
Traffic along Church Street can be really busy, especially during peak hours.
Lesney Street receives traffic noise from cars, trams and trains.
The industrial and commercial buildings on the north side of the train embankment overshadow the residential area on the south side.
The green embankment bordering the train tracks is not properly maintained, with many plants appearing to be dead or dying.
There is potential in extending the street north past the embankment and repurposing this reclaimed space.
The pedestrian bridge is 2.8m wide and 30m in length. It is heavily used by pedestrians wanting to access Swan Street.
Lesney Street site plan, this and subsequent images copyright of author.
There are only two public parks / reserves located in this area, the Carin Reserve and Dame Nellie Melba Memorial Park. Carin Reserve is a small semi-public park with a modest playground.
The area can be easily accessed by tram routes that run along Bridge Road, Church Street and Swan Street. There is no complete bike route within the residential area, however low car speed makes it generally safe to cycle.
The area is a residential pocket bordered by commercial main streets, and can be easily accessed by car or tram.
This part of the Melba Ward is bordered by Bridge Road to the north, Church Street to the east, Burnley Street to the west and Swan Street to the south. It consists of mainly residential buildings, with a perimeter of commercial buildings facing onto the main streets.
Other observations include:
Parallel parking is the most commonly used parking type.
The majority of streets are planted with trees.
Street types are mostly residential streets and laneways.
The residential area is located adjacent to busy main roads and likely receive traffic noise from cars and trams. There are few parks and green areas, limiting local residents’ opportunities for outdoor activities. The commercial perimeter of the study area provides convenient access for residents to cafes and shops.
Site map, this and subsequent images copyright of author.
Kickstarter is a reward-based funding organisation that raises startup money for projects from a large number of people (or crowd). It relies on a web-based platform to handle communication between project leaders and community supporters. Projects supported range in scale from small to large.
Kickstarter is an independent company employing 86 people and based in Greenpoint, Brooklyn.
How does crowdfunding work?
Kickstarter provides a platform and resources for independently curated projects. It is not directly involved in the development of the projects.
Projects are pitched to the public on the Kickstarter website in order to attract financial pledges.
Project creators set a funding goal and deadline.
If people like the project, they can pledge money to make it happen. Pledges might range from $5 to $10,000, with each level of support earning the supporter a pre-determined gift in return.
Funding is all-or-nothing: they must reach their funding goal to receive any of the pledged money.
If a project is successfully funded, 5% of funds collected will be retained by Kickstarter. The rest goes to the project.
Thousands of creative projects are raising funds on Kickstarter right now. Since its launch in 2009, 6.8 million people have pledged $1 billion, funding 66,000 creative projects.
Crowdfunding in Australia
In the United States, a recent study has found that crowdfunding is becoming a driving force behind building and community projects. In Australia, architectural crowd funding has yet to find success, with most projects revolving around smaller goods and services. In Australia:
Local regulations inhibit the development of local equity crowdfunding opportunities.
The federal government is determined to match the regulatory environment that permits successful crowdfunding in the United States.
Cofounder of Australian crowdfunding site Pozible, Rick Chen, can testify to the rapidly expanding local appetite for crowdfunding. When Pozible launched three years ago, it took just over a year for it to raise $1 million.
Projects successfully funded
Detailed case study: Caret 6
$5,520 pledged of $5,000 goal
The School of Architecture at the University of Texas hosted an exhibition as part of TEX-FAB 5 SKIN: Digital Assemblies in February 2014. Led by Assistant Professor Kory Bieg and coordinated by 17 architecture students, the Caret 6 installation showcased the SKIN design competition.
Pledge $1 or more: Your name will be featured on our blog to show our gratitude.
Pledge $10 or more: Your name will be featured on our blog to show our gratitude and you will receive an e-invite to the exhibition opening in February 2014.
Pledge $25 or more: You will receive a personalised postcard from the design team and an e-invite to the exhibition opening in February 2014.
Pledge $50 or more: You will receive a personalised thank you poster from the design team and an e-invite to the exhibition opening in February 2014.
Pledge $500 or more: You will receive a special invitation to a private dinner with the design team, and all of the prizes shown above.
Detailed case study: + Pool
$41,647 pledged of $25,000 goal
In the United States, when it’s hot during the summer and when you’re surrounded by water, all you want to do is swim in the river. However, the water isn’t that clean. + Pool is our initiative to build a floating pool that filters river water off the shores of New York City, a pool for everyone.
Achieved so far:
Launched + Pool in June 2013, with a surprising amount of public and private interest.
Interested swimmers, designers, engineers, community organisers and consultants built a team to develop the project.
Talked to local cultural, developmental and environmental groups, learning about the waterways and refining the social and ecological performance of the project.
Talked to municipal and civic organisations to find out what kinds of permitting and approvals would be needed to get + Pool into the river.
Teamed up with Arup and spent the winter studying water quality, structural configurations, energy use, site potentials and of course the filtration system.
Crowdfunded architecture map, author’s own image.
ClassAct: Active School by actLAB NYC. Image sourced from Kickstarter.
Hemp building at Idaho BaseCamp by Hempitecture. Image sourced from Kickstarter.
Boulder Dash Pavillion by USC Architecture, Second Year Studio. Image sourced from Kickstarter.
Breakwater Chicago by Breakwater Chicago LLC. Image sourced from Kickstarter.
The Moiré Pavillion by Studio Aiello. Image sourced from Kickstarter.
Splash House by Design Workshop 2011 (Tara Mrowka). Image sourced from Kickstarter.